his research has made use of the irregular shapes and processes found in nature, and his research has benefited from a wide range of fields, from art to physics and finance.
Benoit Mandelbrot was an independent mathematician widely known as the « father of fractal geometry. ». Mandelbrot coined the term in 1975 to describe a new branch of engineering that sought to understand the irregular shapes and processes found in nature, from rough coasts to rollercoaster rides on the stock market.
His groundbreaking research has made valuable contributions in a wide range of fields, including physics, finance, medicine, geology, and even art, among others.. To honor his contribution in helping us understand the world around us, Google dedicated Friday doodles to Mandelbrot on his 96th birthday..
Mandelbrot was born on this day in 1924 in Warsaw, Poland, and spent his early years playing chess and reading maps.. But his chances of acquiring a standard education were halted when his family emigrated to Paris in 1936 when Mandelbrot was eleven years old and he moved around France after the outbreak of World War II.. .
Mandelbrot eventually earned a master’s degree in aeronautics from the California Institute of Technology, and in 1958, he went to work for IBM, where he began a long association with IBM’s Watson Research Center. With newly developed IBM computers at his disposal, Mandelbrot used computer code to create psychedelic art-like fractal images with hints of nature and the human body.
Euclidean geometry describes the flat surface of an airplane, but Mandelbrot questioned the shapes found in nature that are not flat..
“Why is geometry often described as“ cold ”and“ dry ”? One reason is its inability to describe the shape of a cloud, mountain, coastline, or tree. Clouds are not spherical, mountains are not cones, coasts are not circles, the bark is not smooth, nor does lightning travel in a straight line, ”he wrote in his seminal book The Fractal Geometry of Nature, published in 1982.
Graphic images generated by the algorithm found their way into popular culture, decorating T-shirts, posters, and album covers. His fractal theory also inspired the song Mandelbrot Set by Jonathan Colton and Arthur C.. Clark’s novel The Colors of Infinity: The Beauty, and the Sense of Fractals.
Mandelbrot developed much of the equation he used to describe the phenomenon, which came to be known as the Mandelbrot set, while he worked in relative obscurity for 35 years before accepting a position at Yale in 1987 as a mathematics professor.
In addition to several other awards, he was awarded the prestigious Wolf Prize for Physics in 1993 and a small asteroid, 27,500 Mandelbrot, was named in his honor in 2000.
As part of its celebration of Mandelbrot, Google has also launched the Mandelbrot Easter Egg, which allows you to explore the endless patterns of the Mandelbrot set using an interactive fractal viewer.
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Benoit Mandelbrot, Google Doodle, The Fractal Geometry of Nature, Fractal, Mathematics
World News – US – Google Doodle celebrates Benoit Mandelbrot, « the father of fractal geometry »
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